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World Digital Libraries: An International Journal (WDL)
Vol.13(2)  December 2020
Print ISSN : 0974-567X
Global Machine-learning Research: a scientometric assessment of global literature during 200918

S. M. Dhawan, Formerly with CSIR–NPL, New Delhi, 114 Dayanand Vihar, Delhi – 110092, (E): smdhawan@yahoo.com

B. M. Gupta, Formerly with CSIR–NISTADS, New Delhi, 403 A, GH-111, Sector 20, Panchkula – 134116, Haryana, (E):  bmgupta1@gmail.com

N. K. Singh*, Panjab University, A. C. Joshi Library, Chandigarh – 160 014,(E): neeraj.singh@pu.ac.in, * Corresponding author


The article provides a quantitative and qualitative analyses of global machine-learning research output (48,455 publications), using select bibliometric indicators, using Web of Science database for 2009–18 period. The various indicators used in this study are:  average annual growth, citations per paper, international collaborative papers, relative citation index, activity index, top-productive countries, organizations, authors, journals, and highly cited papers. Machine learning (within the domain of artificial intelligence) as a subject of study has fast-emerged as a subject of intensive research.  It registered average annual growth rate of 27.59% and averaged citation impact of 10.78 per paper.  Among 138 participating countries, the USA and China were in top 10 most productive countries on the subject.  Among top 10 countries, France and Canada were the leading countries in terms of average citation per paper and relative index. France and Australia were leading in terms of for their national-level share to international collaborative publications (64.95% and 63.95%, respectively). In terms of type of machine learning, supervised learning registered the largest publications’ share, followed by deep learning, semi-supervised learning and reinforced learning (0.89% share, 556 papers). Centre National De La Recherche Scientique, France (769 papers), Harvard University, USA (751 papers) and University of London, UK (729 papers) were the three most productive global research organizations. In contrast, University of Toronto, Canada, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore and University of Oxford, UK were the three leading organizations in terms of citation per paper and relative citation index. Y. Zhang (246 papers), Y. Liu (204 papers) and J. Wang (203 papers) were leading in publication productivity in contrast to J. Li (12.52 and 1.03). L. Zhang (12.42 and 1.02) and J. Zhang (11.23 and 0.92) scored high in citation per paper and relative citation index on the subject. Neurocomputing (1310 papers), PLOS One (917 papers) and Expert Systems with Applications (861 papers) were the leading journals on this subject.



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